Water
Dowsers use many methods used to determine specific information such as the depth of a water vein. I
have been water dowsing professionally for
about 20 years and I use several methods to determine depth, quality and gallons per minute.
Pendulum I use a chart with the Pendulum. Hold the Pendulum over the chart, such as Walt Woods chart in "Letter to Robin. Swing the Pendulum over the "0". Ask the question: How many water veins at this location?, How many feet will the driller have to drill to reach the maximum gallons per minute available at this site?, How far down to the first major water vein?, How far down to the 2nd water vein? What is the maximum safe drilling depth at this location?, What is the minimum gallons per minute that is recoverable to the surface at this site?, What is the maximum gallons per minute that is recoverable to the surface at this site?, What is the quality of the water on a scale of 0 to 10 or 0 to 100?, What is the probability that the driller, (Name) will drill into the water vein and get a minimum of 5 gpm?, (Some drillers have a high incidence of wandering drill bits. Some wander off as much as 30 feet from where they start on the surface). L Rods Hold the L rods so they are at an angle to one another and your hands are one over the other. Ask the question and start counting. When the rods line up , that is your answer. Y Rod Hold the Y rod in the ready position over the well site Ask the question Start counting. When the rod points down to the well, that is your answer. Hope this helps Sharron Hope President of the Gold Country Dowsers, Butte County Chapter of The American Society of Dowsers http://www.internetofframp.com/shope/ ***************************************************** 
You may like to try the following method that was shown to me by a Dowser who is no longer with us, that does not require the use of a pendulum. On one of your rods, make ten marks about 1/4 inch wide and one inch apart. You now have a Scale, on one of your rods, of ten units. Having located a water source, to find its depth, hold one rod about 5 degrees below the horizontal and mentally instruct it to swing to the left for "No and to the right for "Yes". Ask if the depth of whatever you have found is between (a) 1000 and 10,000 feet / metres deep or (b) between 100 and 1000 feet / metres deep or (c) between 0 and 100 feet / metres deep. Unless you are looking for something over 10,000 xxx deep, you will get a "Yes" to either (a), (b), or (c). Let us say you get a "Yes" for (b) = 100  1000 feet. Grip the rod with the 10 unit scale on it firmly. Allow the other rod to swing freely. Hold both rods at an angle of no more than 5 degrees below the horizontal, with the "free" rod about 1/2 inch above the "firm" rod and ask for the free rod to show the depth in 100s of feet of the top of the source you have found (or whatever units measurement you are using) The free rod should swing over the fixed rod and stop somewhere. You can then read off the measurement. (say it has stopped between the second and third marks  this represents a depth of between 200 and 300 feet (or other units). Now, mentally change your scale to 10s of feet and carry out the same procedure. Say the free rod stops between the eighth and ninth marks which now represent 80 and 90 feet, you now have a reading of 280 to 290 feet. Finally, mentally change your scale to 0 to 10 feet and this time your free rod stops over the second mark which will give you a reading of 282 feet. This method takes about 5 minutes to explain but, with practice, about 30 seconds to do it accurately. One thing that is rather interesting. I have found that, when higher numbers are involved, the "free" rod tends to swing to and fro as if gathering momentum for its next "move" up the "fixed" rod, and when you think of it, the tip of the "free" rod is actually moving uphill. This Scale Method has many uses where numbers are involved. For example, it can can be used to determine the date of, say, an artifact, very quickly, by asking for single numbers each time but be careful which time scale you use. I would suggest that you did not use AD or BC but instead used BP (before present) and don't forget that a date_ may_ possibly contain more than four figures. You never know. So keep asking until you are sure you have it all, then ask if you have, just to make sure. Another method, using only a pendulum, is to ask the following questions having found the source, and using the same depth as found in the method above : Is the top of this source more than 10000 feet (whatever units) down ? "No" is it more than 1000 feet down ? "No" Is it more than 100 feet down ?  "Yes" Is it between 100 and 500 feet down  "Yes" Is it between 100 and 250 feet down  "No" Is it between 250 and 350 feet down  "Yes" Is it between 250 and 300 feet down  "Yes" Is it between 250 and 275 feet down  " No" and so on until you get the same figure (282 feet) It will be obvious to you that the pendulum method takes longer, but it depends on which tool you prefer to use or are more comfortable with. Geoff **************************************

The
"bishop's" method of determining the depth goes something like
this:
from a starting mark, (could use the well location) ask for an indication of the depth to be the distance from the starting point to the indication as you walk out from the starting point in a straight line. http://www.discoverit.com/at/asd/robin.html This is the url mentioned in another post. Love, Harv NOTE: This is based on a dowsing principle that cosmic rays when hit the underground water are deflected at an angle of about 45 degrees (in sand or soil) and simple trigonometry of right angle triangle. 
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